Tag Archives: Open Access

South Asia Open Archives (SAOA) Launched

SAOA logoThe South Asia Open Archives (SAOA) was launched on Friday, October 18th, in conjunction with the Annual Conference on South Asia in Madison, Wisconsin. A collaborative initiative of (currently 22) US libraries and (currently 4) partners from South Asia, SAOA is administratively hosted by the Center for Research Libraries (CRL) and available globally open access (to the extent copyright permits) in partnership with JSTOR/Ithaka. At launch, SAOA includes 6,759 items with 350,000 pages of research materials in 13 languages, in four curated collections of caste & social structure, literature, social & economic history, and women & gender. Here is a brief overview of the four collections.

Viplava serialCaste & Social Structure

Monographs, serials and pamphlets relating to caste and social structure are included. To the extent that copyright permits, they are open access. (Certain serials published in the 1930s to 1940s, such as Bāgī (Lucknow, India),  Viplava, and Viplavī ṭrekṭa (Lucknow, India) may not be fully open access). Books in this collection include Caste in India, Caste Everywhere: How to Keep or Lose an Empire by Peter the Pearker (1850); An Essay on Hindu Caste by Rev. H. Bower (1851); Evolution of Caste by R. Rama Sastri (1916); Hindoo Castes by Etienne Alexander Rodrigues (1838); On the Beneficial Effects of Caste Institutions by R. H. Elliot (1869); Treatment of Indians by the Boers, and Treatment of the Low Castes in India by Their Own Countrymen; A Speech, by G.K. Gokale; and other materials.

Appar bookLiterature

Creative works (fiction, poetry, drama), literary criticism, and reference works related to literature are included in this collection. Sample items include A compendious grammar of the current corrupt dialect of the jargon of Hindostan, (commonly called Moors) (1809); Appar : a sketch of his life and teachings (1918); Kāvyakirīṭa by Yaśavanta (Marathi); Hindustānanā devo nema itihāsa, sāhitya, ane pūjānuṃ saṅkshipta varṇana by E. Osborn Martin (1917, on Gods of India); One hundred best views of Ceylon from photographs taken by the publishers (1900); Pal̲amol̲ikaḷ/Selected Tamil proverbs for the C.M.S. examinations (1905); Siege of Chitur/चितूरगडचा वेढा by Nāgeśa Vināyaka Bāpaṭa (1899); Vicarious punishment by Bombay Track & Book Society (Urdu, 1863); स्त्रीधर्मनीति/Strīdharmanīti by Ramabai Sarasvati (Marathi, 1883, on the duties of women and the advantages of female education); and many others.

Report on Native PapersSocial & Economic History

This is an especially large collection. Highlights include census, commerce, customs, and land commerce reports, and newspapers such as The Morning Chronicle (1853, Kolkota, India) and The Star of Islam (1939-1940, Sri Lanka). An especially rich primary resource for historical research is available in the various Reports on Native Papers collected from 1874 through 1937 in various provinces of British India including Kolkata, West Bengal; Mumbai, Salsette Island, Mahārāshtra, India; and others. These reports compiled a weekly summary, often including extracts from the original article, of Indian newspapers in multiple languages (including English), with summaries and translations in English. Similar reports for other provinces include Selections from the Vernacular Newspapers Published in the Panjab, North-Western Provinces, Oudh, Central Provinces and Berar (1881-1901); and Selections from the native newspapers published in the United Provinces of Agra & Oudh (1903-1912).

The Indian Ladies' MagazineWomen & Gender

This module includes books, serials and pamphlets by and about women. Highlights contributed by Columbia University Burke Library include Our Indian Magazine (1899), The Indian Ladies’ Magazine (1916-1917), The Young Women of India (1900), and The Young Women of India and Ceylon (1908-1916). The Indian Ladies’ Magazine was the first magazine in India edited by an Indian woman, Kamala Satthianadhan.

Open Access in Latin America and Spain

Latin America and Spain are at the forefront of open access (OA) publishing. This may come as a surprise to the uninitiated, but Latin America and Spain have a long history of open access publishing and, in fact, Brazil’s Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and Spain’s DIALNET rank as the top two portals in the Ranking Web of World repositories.

Open access, generally means unrestricted access, usually online, to scholarly research. Open Access content comes in many forms and can include scholarly journal articles, theses, book chapters, as well as entire books. This content can reside in open access journals or in online repositories, such as Columbia University’s Academic Commons. Columbia University Libraries is a strong proponent of OA as evidenced by our 2011 Open Access Resolution and Open Access Week 2013 events.

Many Latin American institutions have historically struggled to afford expensive international journal subscriptions. Likewise, it was difficult for US libraries to reliably acquire Latin American scholarly journals for use by US scholars. As a result, US academic libraries collaborated with their peers in Latin America and the Caribbean to mutual benefit through extensive exchange programs. This approach had limited success in increasing scholarly communication. Digital open access initiatives have largely superseded these efforts.

Founded in Brazil in 1998, SciELO is now present in fifteen countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain, Portugal and South Africa. Expect SciELO networks soon for Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay. A distributed model, each country of the network administers content locally. Funding and other support generally come from national science councils and international organizations.

Open Access has greatly increased the scholarly impact factors of Latin American scholarly publications. Some of the keys to SciELO’s success include a multilingual interface and multilingual abstracts, as well as inclusion in visible initiatives like the Directory of Open Access Journals. In fact, Brazil is the second largest country represented in DOAJ after the United States.

Looking for OA Content? Search CLIO

CLIO, Columbia University Libraries’ discovery system incorporates many open access information sources, including the SciELO network, DIALNET, Revistas Científicas del CSIC (Spain) and more into our virtual collection.

To find out more about OA, I invite you to view this recent, informative webcast, sponsored by SPARC, an initiative of the Association of Research Libraries:

Webcast: Open Access Developments in Latin America (Nicholas Cop)
January 14, 2014