Tag Archives: Video

Noted composer Milton Babbitt passes away at 94; WKCR offers 24-hour memorial broadcast

Noted American composer Milton Babbitt passed away on Saturday, January 29th.  An obituary in the New York Times is available at this link. Beyond his many accomplishments and influence as a composer, which will no doubt be covered elsewhere, Babbitt participated in the birth and the spread of electronic music in the United States and beyond, and did so right here at Columbia.

He was one of the founding directors of the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center (along with fellow composers Otto Luening, Vladimir Ussachevsky, and Roger Sessions), established in 1959 to formalize and draw together many strands of electronic music research and activity at Columbia University and at Princeton, and initially funded by a grant from the Rockefeller foundation.

One of the most noteworthy pieces of equipment in the newly-established Center was the RCA Mark II synthesizer, unique at the time, which allowed programming of many parameters of the sound via binary codes punched into paper rolls. It also allowed precise specification of rhythm, a feature which attracted Babbitt greatly to the synthesizer, and it would be Babbitt who became the composer most associated with the RCA Mark II (with technical support from Center engineer Peter Mauzey). The image at the head of this post shows Babbitt in front of the RCA Mark II synthesizer (early 1960s?).

The RCA Mark II was installed at the Center, in Prentis at 125th Street, where it filled most of a room. The non-working synthesizer remains there to this day (it ceased working after a mid-1970s break-in damaged the equipment). The Center lives on today as the Columbia Computer Music Center. Pictures of the RCA Mark II, and a brief history of the Center, are available at this page on the Computer Music Center web site.

A few fascinating oral history interviews with Babbitt are available via The Video Archive of the Electroacoustic Music, including one describing his work with the RCA Mark II. There is also an interview from this source posted on YouTube, if you have any problems playing back the first source listed above.

Babbitt also provided a detailed summary of the use of the synthesizer from a composer’s perspective, in his article “An Introduction to the R.C.A. Synthesizer”, in Journal of Music Theory, 8, no. 2 (Winter, 1964): 251-265 (full text available in CLIO, see this link and navigate to vol.8 no.2).

WKCR will be broadcasting a Milton Babbit 24-hour marathon, beginning around 1am tonight and running through 1am early Wednesday morning, both over the air and streaming online. Tune in to hear some of Babbitt’s ground-breaking and influential music. You can continue your listening by browsing the recordings available in the Music & Arts Library in 701 Dodge. Try searching on keywords= Milton Babbitt , and limit your search to “music sound recordings” to exclude books and scores. You can also find some streaming audio recordings, via the Libraries’ audio databases Database of Recorded American Music (DRAM) , Naxos Music Library, and Classical Music Library. Don’t hesitate to ask Music Library staff for help if needed, either at the circulation desk, or at musiclibrary@columbia.edu.

In addition, there is some material by Babbitt contained in the archives of the Center. This material, including some musical sketches, working notes, scores, punched paper rolls used to drive the RCA Mark II synthesizer, and a small amount of correspondence and ephemera, is in the process of being transferred to the Columbia University Libraries, for preservation, proper storage, and cataloging. Some photos and information on the archives of the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center are available here.

R.I.P.  Milton Babbitt.

Verdi’s La Traviata – online videos available

Many of the Music Humanities sections are focusing on Verdi’s “La Traviata” this semester. Did you know that there is also streaming video of this opera available through the Libraries?

The Opera in Video database offers two full, streaming performances of “Traviata”. Of the two, one offers subtitles in English and other languages. We’re guessing that the subtitled one is the most useful, so it’s the first listed below, but we’re including a link to the second as well, for any of you Italian speakers (or if you want to just compare performances).

Below are links to “La Traviata” on the Opera in Video database (full cast details available on site). Access from any campus computer, or log in with your UNI and password for off-campus access:

http://opiv.alexanderstreet.com/View/553189 (English subtitles available via drop-down menu)
Coro Del Teatro Alla Scala, Milano; Orchestra of the Teatro Alla Scala, Milano & Ballet of the Teatro Alla Scala, Milano, Lorin Maazel (cond.)
ArtHaus Musik, 2007

http://opiv.alexanderstreet.com/View/592099 (NOTE: no subtitles for this production)
Madrid Symphony Orchestra & Madrid Teatro Real Chorus
Jésus López-Cobos (cond.)
Opus Arte, 2005

Several performances of La Traviata on DVD are also available on Reserve in the Music & Arts Library in 701 Dodge. Ask for them at the circulation desk. These Reserve DVDs can be checked out for 2 hours, and some may be borrowed on overnight loan.

Contact us with any questions or problems, at musiclibrary@columbia.edu.

Butler Media announces circulating DVD collection

The Butler Media Center has announced that ca. 2,000 film titles on DVD are now available and can be checked out by enrolled students, faculty, and staff. This addition to its already impressive research collection. Full details are available on the Libraries Spotlight blog and on the Media Center home page. Note that you can use the “Post Limit” feature in CLIO to select library location “Butler Media (Circulating)” from the list of libraries, if you want to see just the circulating DVDs in your results.

Also, a reminder that the Music & Arts Library also offers over 1,000 circulating DVD titles on diverse musical subjects, including musical works and performances, dance, jazz, popular music, and more.

Music & Arts Library DVDs, which are identified by the “MUSDVD” call number prefix, can be checked out by full-time students, faculty, and staff for 2 weeks. They can be browsed in CLIO by choosing search type “Call Number Exact” and typing in “MUSDVD”. Or, use a keyword search, with quick limits set to “Video Recordings” to find specific artists, titles, countries, and (up to a point) musical styles. Note that the “MUSDVD” call number is for Music & Arts Library DVDs, while plain “DVD” call numbers are generally at Butler Media.

Contact music@libraries.cul.columbia.edu if you have questions about more detailed searching for music.

Audio databases, and some other related resources

You can browse a listing of electronic audio databases, under “E-Music and Sound Collections” under the “E-Resources” tab on the Libraries’ home page. There are some terrific resources here!

In addition, here are a few titles that don’t appear in the list linked to above, but contain media content that may be of interest to you:

These last three may all be found by title, under the “databases” search box on the Libraries home page.

All these databases offer streaming audio or video content, and are available from any computer on the campus network, or from off-campus to full-time students, faculty, and staff via login with your UNI and password.

Please let us know what you think! Comments welcome here, or at music@libraries.cul.columbia.edu.