Lately, we've had many questions in the Journalism Library about finding building histories, owner names, code violations, market value, and similar things. Here's a round-up of the most useful tools to find that information! (Photo below is a 1902 panorama of NYC from the Library of Congress.)
Dept. of Buildings: BIS (Building Information System)
Lists actions, complaints, violations, alterations, certificates of occupancy, # buildings on lot, tax block/lot # (which you need for ACRIS, listed below), landmark status, zoning documents, etc. (Under “actions,” “NB” records are permits for new buildings.) When multiple buildings are on one lot, click on the number of buildings to access building-specific records. You can also use the BIS's "Building on my Block" to find properties in a block (or community district) that are new buildings or have had alterations. Good for getting a feel for what’s going on with property development in a given area.
Related: Building Permit Search, 1900 – 1986 (Office of Metropolitan History) http://www.metrohistory.com/searchfront.htm
Property Tax Bill & Information System (NYC Finance: Property) http://nycprop.nyc.gov/nycproperty/nynav/jsp/selectbbl.jsp
Market value history, building classification (what type of building it is), owner & billing address, tax charges, exemptions, abatements & any credits. You can find additional information (like number of stories or units, building dimensions, etc.) under Property Tax Benefit Information.
ACRIS (Automated City Register Information System; NYC Finance: Property) http://a836-acris.nyc.gov/CP/
Find mortgages, deeds, and other property documents. “Det” provides detailed information about the document (including the names and address of involved parties); “img” shows the document. Related NYC Property tools include the FY 2014 Final Assessment Roll for NYC and the Comparable Values for Condos & Coops.
NYC Housing and Vacancy Survey (Census Bureau) http://www.census.gov/housing/nychvs/
Includes information on rent-vs-own status, rent-to-income ratios, estimated value, and structural conditions (such as condition of exterior or interior walls).
Housing Code Violation Data (Dept. of Housing Preservation & Development)
HPD Online (find violations by address): https://webapps.hpdnyc.org/HPDonline/provide_address.aspx
New Residential Construction: http://www.census.gov/construction/nrc/
Reports from the U.S. Census on nation-wide permits for new residential construction.
U.S. Housing Market Conditions (HUD, U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development): http://www.huduser.org/portal/ushmc/home.html
Housing market data and analysis, home affordability, and related information. Available at the national, regional, metro, and local levels (some NYC-area data).
Landmark Designation Reports (only recent designations are here): http://www.nyc.gov/html/lpc/html/forms/reports.shtml
Landmark Designations, 1965 to present. (For older reports, contact the Landmark Commission directly.)
NYC Rent Guidelines Board Reports:
Reports on housing supply, income & affordability, changes to rent stabilized housing stock, and more.
American FactFinder (Census Bureau): http://factfinder2.census.gov/
Two particularly relevant tables (both available at the census tract level) are:
- Selected Economic Characteristics (DP03)
- Selected Housing Characteristics (DP04)
For more information on NYC buildings, property, and real estate, consult with librarians at Columbia's Avery Art and Architecture Library.
- Location & hours: http://library.columbia.edu/locations/avery.html
- (212) 854-6199
Avery Library Subject Guides on related topics:
- mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin;”>New York City Buildings: Research Guide: http://library.columbia.edu/subject-guides/avery/real_estate.html