Monthly Archives: February 2015

The Hidden Archival Collections of the Burke Library: A Success Story

It is hard to believe I am writing this, but… I am proud to announce that the Henry Luce Foundation-funded project to process the archives of the Missionary Research Library (MRL) and the William Adams Brown Ecumenical Library (WAB) has reached a successful conclusion!!! From August 2011-December 2014, I, with the help of a team of student assistants and library school interns, processed, arranged, described and provided access to these amazing collections. Let’s take a look at the numbers and the experience. Brigette blog_3


Project and Outcomes
The project was to process, arrange, describe and make available a total of 573 linear feet of archives. Ultimately by December 2014, my students, interns, and I had processed 776 linear feet of archives in 183 collections.

We far exceeded our goal of processing!  By 203 linear feet to be exact!  The grant proposal stated we would process 15 linear feet per month. Over the course of the grant, we processed on average 19 linear feet per month. My best month was when we did about 73 linear feet in one month.

Providing Access
One way we have enabled the public to have access to these processed materials was through our finding aids. Originally the titles of the collections were linked on our archives website, but that was it – no other information. Not very helpful to those trying to do research. Now, there is a sea of blue – everything is hyperlinked (all 183 collections!). Other ways we have provided access and spread the word was through social media, utilizing Twitter, Facebook, and this very blog that you are reading now. Brigette Blog_9Brigette blog_10

Impact and Output
The staff at Burke have used a great deal of the archival collections in various classes and presentations. In addition, I promoted the project at archives conferences, including the Society of American Archivists (SAA), Special Libraries Association (SLA), and Archivists Roundtable of Metropolitan New York (ART). Two updates on the project to SAA’s Academic Archivist (Spring 2013) and ART’s Metropolitan Archivist (Winter 2013) and wrote an article for an issue of Mid-Atlantic Archivist.

Intern Program
My student assistant and intern program has also been very successful. Overall I was assisted by fourteen library school interns and thirteen work-study students. You have read many of these students’ entries on the blog throughout the years!  Not only have we been able to process many collections together, and the student assistants and interns gaining valuable experience, it has also helped the interns to find employment once completing their internship at Burke. Of the fourteen library school interns, four are still in school. The other ten all have jobs in the field or in related positions. Five have become archivists at institutions such as Princeton University, Center for Jewish History, Brooklyn Academy of Music, Winthrop Group, and American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Other past interns are now employed as catalogers, user experience designers, adjunct faculty, and customer order clerks at the following institutions: Poet’s House, Columbia University, and Farmingdale State College.

Researcher Visits
On February 4th, I attended an Archivist Roundtable of Metropolitan New York meeting called “Archives Matter,” with Society of American Archivists president Kathleen D. Roe. She said during the question and answer session, “It doesn’t matter how much you process if nobody comes.” Well luckily for us, people have been coming!

From 2010 until the end of 2014, the total number of researchers consulting the MRL and WAB collections grew each year. From July 2011 until December 2014, the number of researcher visits and boxes requested doubled.2012 is when the social media began, and a big increase in requests there can be seen. KrX_Wjh9Z91aD_fEGsGQoTJlUntL4RfzVLxwMEY32VhbncTcXNl2P28Kcqv6

I should also note that  while the MRL and WAB collections make up only 17.5% of the total archival collections at Burke, over 72% of all the boxes being pulled and 77% of the reason why researchers are coming to the library to use the archives are for these two collections.

Expectation versus Reality
So you may be thinking, missionaries and the study of Christianity – that must mean theologians are the bulk of our users. I’m here to tell you that that assumption is incorrect! While yes, we do serve theologians, we have a much wider audience than just that.

Of the 116 individual researchers who used the collections from 2011-2014, how many of those do you think were from theological schools or churches? 6 people. That means 95% of the people coming to research at Columbia University were not from theological schools.

So where were these researchers from? Brigette blog_11

Outputs of Researchers
One way in which we can measure the impact of this project is through the output of these researchers. As I stated, the growth of the questions and usage of the collections has increased significantly over the life of the project. But what have they been doing with this stuff?

Of the 116 individual researchers referenced earlier I contacted each to find out what came of their research, with a response rate from about half. Respondents included students, faculty, professors, independent researchers and an independent documentary filmmaker. We found that there are a variety of research products (completed and in-progress) as a result of this project.

The following list provides additional details on these research products (completed and in-progress): Books (9); Articles (4); Research Papers, Theses and Dissertations (43); General research and genealogy (2); film (1); programs, presentations or symposiums (5).

What we have learned
One great thing we have learned is that people want this stuff. The moment finding aids go up, we start noticing the increase of requests. Sure, people would love to have things conveniently online – however that is not always possible. When people want to see the collections, they will come.

We know that the collections are having an impact on research, teaching and learning. One researcher using the Pliny Fisk Papers said about the material, “This was not only critical to my PhD research, it was groundbreaking.” Many researchers said that the Columbia collections provide documents that are not available anywhere else in such complete form.

Needless to say, this experience has left quite the impact on me both personally and professionally. In fact, I even tattooed the MRL stamp on my arm. Brigette blog_2

Thanks to funding from the Henry Luce Foundation, we were able to make this amazing set of collections available. I’m looking forward to even more scholarship that is bound to be created thanks to these archival collections. After all, work in the archives funnels out into the community and brings up new and interesting ideas for all of us to discuss.

Starting my Internship at the Burke Library at UTS

I am excited to start my internship at The Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary and begin what looks to be an exciting, interesting, and educational journey into the world of archives and librarianship. After a whirlwind few weeks of applying and interviewing for several internships, I finally decided the Burke Library as the best fit, given its world-renowned reputation and its affiliation with Columbia University. Furthermore, I accepted the position because it provides a hands-on approach from a professional archivist. This approach will enable me to apply what I’ve learned in the past several semesters at the Queens College Graduate School of Library and Information Studies. It is both exciting and somewhat intimidating to finally begin my internship after learning about librarianship and archives!

From the moment I stepped into this beautiful Gothic building and interviewed with Brigette, the Project Archivist, I realized that this library is the place for me to delve into the archival discipline that I have wanted to be involved with since I can remember. The Burke Library Archives was recently awarded a three-year grant from the Henry Luce Foundation to arrange, describe, and provide access to the Union Theological Seminary (UTS) Archive. The UTS Archive contains approximately 141 collections of papers from faculty members and students, among others, associated with UTS, one of the oldest and most important theological schools in the country. I am looking forward to working under the supervision of Brigette to process collections of UTS Faculty members, as she is eager to teach me; I truly appreciate her guidance and patient approach. My first day at the archive included a walking tour of the library, in which Brigette showed me the various stacks and office space that house the records. I especially enjoyed going up the spiral staircase in the original reference room of the Missionary Research Library, and admired the wonderful architecture of the grand reading area. I was introduced to some of the staff at the Library and look forward to assisting them in any way,  and learning from them over the course of the semester. Although it was a lot of information to take in at once, I am sure that with time everything will fall into place.

Prior to my first day I was given some readings, and among these was a very interesting article, The World Missionaries Made, which introduced me to the role and legacy that missionaries have played and left over the past two centuries. According to the article, missionaries fostered literacy in economically depressed countries in Asia and Africa, as well as assisted the colonized people in many other ways that I was not aware of. In working on the papers over the next few months, I look forward to learning about the role that faculty members have played at UTS, and in the world of theology as a whole. I am certain that in bringing my enthusiasm and skills to the internship, I will in turn gain a tremendous amount from the internship and the Burke Library staff.

Puritans and Radicals

In 1588-89 a series of seven tracts [1] were published in England on a secret, mobile printing press, aggressively and colorfully attacking the hierarchy of the established church of England in favor of the more minimal, localized Presbyterian form of church government; the first of these, often referred to simply as the Epistle, contains, according the Oxford English Dictionary, arguably the first recorded occurrence of the word “fucker.”[2]

(1) The Protestatyon Of Martin Mar-prelat_Burke_McAlpin 1589 M38_3



Think of it as an early modern instance of theological praxis. These polemical writings — generally referred to, because of their author’s nom de guerre, as the Martin Marprelate tracts — proved to be both popular and influential, occasioning from establishment voices a number of defenses and counter-attacks and triggering “one of the great manhunts of the English Renaissance” in search of their source.[3] Most of these now famous short works, included six of the seven of the Marprelate tracts, are held by the Burke Library.

Historically, they represent an important skirmish in long war of ideas, words, and human lives (1) The Protestatyon Of Martin Mar-prelat_Burke_McAlpin 1589 M38_3conducted across 16th and 17th century Europe. Their literary style anticipates many of the great works of the next century with, as Marprelate scholar Joseph Black recently put it, their “wittily irreverent and conversational prose, ironic modes of argument, fluid shifts among narrative voices, swashbuckling persona, playful experiments with conventions of print controversy, and willingness to name names and tell unflattering stories about his opponents.”[4] Intimations of Swift, Carlyle, and Borges, among many others, with a large dollop of cable talk show bombast thrown in for spice.

Their playfulness can be seen at the most fundamental level, several claiming on the title page to have been printed “in Europe, not far from some of the Bouncing [i.e., loudmouthed, pretentious, etc.] Priests.” The very quality of the printing seems to testify to a cause on the run, with different types often crowding together into sometimes wobbly lines of type, set by printers working quickly with limited resources (see accompanying images).

(2) The Protestatyon Of Martin Mar-prelat_Burke_McAlpin 1589 M38_5Technologically, they are attempts to harness a relatively new communication tool to disseminate disruptive ideas and influence society, a kind of Protestant samizdat, comparable in many ways to the typed, mimeographed leaflets and zines of the 20th century and the TOR-encrypted messages and tweets of the 21st.  As Black points out, the Marprelate tracts helped shape an English “proto-public sphere of debate” and to “create a tradition of oppositional writing.”[5]

They also underscore how material objects can illuminate other people and times in ways not possible via digital images. Most of us take for granted the dizzying pace of technological change. We may overlook how the physical format (article, book, text message, scribbled note, screenshot, clear versus unclear scanned image) can impact our understanding of something’s “content.” As artists have always noted, content can’t be separated from form. In many ways, these pamphlets represent in and through their physical format — portable, hurried, immediate — the “gloves-off” and urgent nature (at least from the author’s point of view) of what they contain.


[1] Links to the library’s online catalog records of Martin Marprelate Tracts held at the Burke Library:
[2] Joseph Black, The Martin Marprelate Tracts (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008), 211.

[3] Ibid., xxxiv.

[4] Ibid., xvi.

[5] Ibid., xvii.